The ASN-1Step syntax checker is similar to the syntax checker found in the commercial version of the OSS ASN.1 Compiler. Thus, it fully conforms to the ASN.1:1990, ASN.1:2002, ASN.1:2008, ASN.1:2015,and ASN.1:2021 standards.
To check the syntax of an ASN.1 specification using command-line ASN-1Step, specify an .asn text file on the asn1step command-line along with the -pedantic option.
You can also check syntax in ASN.1 Studio by creating an ASN.1 project and adding files to it. Next, select Project > Settings > ASN.1 compiler > ASN.1 syntax checking and check the boxes that correspond to the -syntaxOnly and -pedantic options. Finally, click the Compile button to start syntax checking. For more details, see the ASN.1 Studio Help documentation.
Use ASN-1Step to encode ASN.1 value notation placed inside an .asn file. The resulting BER, CER, DER, PER, UPER, OER, COER, XER, CXER, E-XER, JSON, or CSV encoding is written to a binary or text file of your choice.
When using command-line ASN-1Step, the filename extension that you specify for the output encodings file determines which of the supported encoding rules is used. Refer to the -encodeValue option for more details.
When using ASN.1 Studio, you have the flexibility to select not only the file name and its location, but also any available encoding rules. For more details, see the ASN.1 Studio Help documentation.
ASN-1Step can decode any valid BER, CER, DER, PER, UPER, OER, COER, XER, CXER, E-XER, JSON, or CSV encoding in a binary or text file that corresponds to an ASN.1 definition in an .asn file.
When using command-line ASN-1Step, the resulting human-readable decoded data can be written either to standard output or to a file. The filename extension of the input encoding file determines which of the supported encoding rules is used. Refer to the -decodePdu option for more details.
When using ASN.1 Studio, a similar option is available using the context menu. Just create an ASN.1 project and add the .asn files and the file to be decoded to the project. Next, right-click the filename and select the Decode to Trace option. For more details, see the ASN.1 Studio Help documentation.
The ASN-1Step PER encoding analyzer function is similar to the ossPrintPER() utility. This analyzer is automatically invoked every time you decode a PER encoding.
With ASN.1 Studio, it's easy to analyze PER encodings in the ASN.1 Value Editor because it can expand and collapse the details of nested PER encodings. You can also synchronize views of ASN.1 values in the PDU Value table with views of the matching PER encodings details in the Encoding Viewer, as shown in the image below. See the ASN.1 Studio Help documentation for more details.
Use the -test option in command-line ASN-1Step to display the result of encode and decode operations for any valid ASN.1 value reference whose type is a PDU included in the ASN.1 syntax. This offers a quick and easy way to analyze application messages.
When using ASN.1 Studio, a similar option is available via a toolbar button. Just create an ASN.1 project, add the .asn files with ASN.1 value references to the project, and click the Test All Value References button to begin testing. For more details, see the ASN.1 Studio Help documentation.
ASN-1Step supports conversion of ASN.1 messages to and from CSV format. To represent a structured ASN.1 message in CSV format, ASN-1Step flattens it into a fixed number of columns by recursively expanding complex SET, SEQUENCE, and CHOICE types up to the innermost fields with simple ASN.1 types. See Converting to and from CSV Format for a full discussion.
Use ASN.1 Studio to graphically view and edit any arbitrary ASN.1 value for any valid PDU type. This is a great feature for those people who find ASN.1 value notation difficult to use or too verbose to write.
The screenshot below shows various components of the ASN.1 Studio main window with the encoded message from the file myCard.ber opened in the ASN.1 Value Editor to the right. Messages can be graphically modified and displayed in different encoding formats in the Encoding Viewer pane at the bottom of the editor. Refer to the ASN.1 Studio Help documentation for more details.
This documentation applies to release 10.3 and later of ASN-1Step®.
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